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Abel W. Spalding

1859 - 1919

Seattle architect Abel Walter Spalding was born in Massachusetts on August 5, 1859 (some reports indicate Spalding was born August 23rd).  He received his formal architectural training from M.I.T., graduating in 1884.  Spalding arrived in Seattle in 1901 with 20 years of experience.  Reportedly he had previously worked in St. Louis (1881-85), Minneapolis (1885-99) and Lewiston, ID (1899-1901).

The earliest press coverage about Spalding is from 1879.  While still a student, he presented a paper at the Fire Underwriters Association of the Northwest at their annual meeting in Chicago.  His paper, about the “wear and tear” of various building materials, was featured in a variety of publications for several years.

In Minneapolis, Spalding formed a partnership with Frank W. Carr (1885). Reports indicate that the partnership focused on general engineering with specialty in landscape architecture and park engineering.  Known projects are limited to the Holmes Hotel (1894) in Minneapolis and the initial designs for a hotel at Old Faithful (1898) for the Northern Pacific Railroad.  His plans for a turreted Queen Anne style hotel were approved by the Park Service, but construction never started and a new design was later provided by architect Robert Reamer.

When he came to Seattle, Spalding initially formed a partnership with Tacoma architects Frederick Heath and Ambrose Russell.  Operating as Spalding, Russell & Heath, Spalding ran the Seattle office of the firm.  No known projects under the firm name have been found to date.  For reasons unknown the partnership lasted only a couple of years and by 1903, Spalding was operating on his own.

During this period in his career he designed the Hofius Hotel (1902); the Ezra Pope House (1904); a flat for Mrs. V.M. Crosby (1904); the J.J. Smith House (1904); the P. Brown House (1905); a four story store & hotel for C.D. Stimson (1906); the St. James Apartments (1906); the Stimson Hotel (1906); and the University Congregational Church (1906 - 10) on Queen Anne Hill all in Seattle.  He also designed the Robert Moran House (now Rosario Resort, 1906) on Orcas, Island.

His high quality design work and professionalism earned instant respect among his peers and he became President of the Seattle AIA chapter in 1906, just five short years after his arrival in the city.  In June of 1907 Spalding formed a short-lived partnership with architect Max Umbrecht.   The two opened up offices in the Globe Block in downtown Seattle. 

Known projects in Seattle include the Madison Street Store (1907); the Washington Children’s Home Society Receiving Home (1908); commercial building for Fred A. Rood (1908); apartment house for Pacific & Puget Sound Bottling Co. (1908); Moran Engineering Co. Warehouse (1909); E.J. Rounds & Co. Warehouse (1909); alterations to the Cecil Hotel (1909); a cottage for Rabbi Samuel Koch (1909); and the Seattle Lighting Company Warehouse (1910). 

Outside of the city, the firm designed a Presbyterian Church (1908) in Snohomish; a dormitory and social hall (1908) for Massachusetts State College; the Dr. George Donald House (1908) in North Yakima; and an opera house (1908) in Elma.

The partnership lasted until 1911, and Spalding’s name disappears from the city directories by the following year.  Polk directories note that Spalding had moved to Portland, Oregon by 1914 and had opened a construction company; Spalding Construction Company. Spalding passed away on August 23, 1919 in Napa, California.

By Michael Houser, State Architectural Historian - January 2014


“A Shingled House at Seattle, Wash”  - Carpentry & Building, October 1905.

“New Church Building” – The Seattle Daily Times, October 14, 1903, pg 11.

“Will Erect a New Church: Congregationalist of Queen Anne Hill to Build” – The Seattle Daily Times, February 15, 1903.

“Wants to Furnish Plans: Ambitious Architect Proposes to Submit Drawings for New City Hall and Other City Buildings” – The Seattle Daily Times, June 1, 1903, pg 7.

“Building Permits” – The Seattle Daily Times, June 9, 1904, pg 7.

“Building Permits” – The Seattle Daily Times, July 18, 1904, pg 7.

“Building Permits” – The Seattle Daily Times, September 11, 1905, pg 5.

“Building Permits” – The Seattle Daily Times, January 4, 1906, pg 5.

“The St. James Apartment House” – The Seattle Daily Times, August 5, 1906, pg 40.

“Building Permits Issued Run Small” – The Seattle Daily Times, October 17, 1909, pg 25.

“Work is to Begin in Ten Days: Everything Now in Readiness for Erection of Washington Children’s Home Society’s New Receiving House” – The Seattle Daily Times, January 5, 1908, pg 18.

“New Buildings To Be Erected” – The Seattle Daily Times, May 10, 1908, pg 35.

“Apartments and Store Near University” – The Seattle Daily Times, November 8, 1908, pg 35.

“Three- Story Building for Second Avenue” – The Seattle Daily Times, December 29, 1908, pg 7.

“New Warehouse for Moran Engineering Co.” – The Seattle Daily Times, May 9, 1909, pg 35.

“New Warehouse for Interbay District” – The Seattle Daily Times, May 30, 1909, pg 33.

“New Plans Announced by Local Architects” – The Seattle Daily Times, November 7,  1909, pg 43.

“Building Permits” – The Seattle Daily Times, November 14, 1909, pg 37.

“Big Hotel Planned” – The Seattle Daily Times, February 6, 1910, pg 40.

“Plans Ready for Milwaukee Warehouse” – The Seattle Daily Times, March 20, 1910, pg 41.

“Amherst, Mass – Press reports state that Spalding & Umbrecht…”  - The American Architect & Building News, Vol. 92 1907.

“The Wear and Tear of Building Materials”  - The Architect’s & Builder’s Pocketbook, 1892.

“A.W. Spalding and Max Umbrecht have associated…”  - The Architect & Engineer of California, Vol. 9, No. 2, June 1907.

WA State Supreme Court Case – Spalding vs, Burke et. al. – December 31, 1903.

“Minneapolis, Minn- The Holmes Hotel..”  - The Engineering Record, March 17, 1894.

Class of ’84 M.I.T.: Twenty-fifth Anniversary Book.