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Carl H. Jabelonsky


Durham, N.W. “Carl Hugo Jabelonsky.” History of the City of Spokane and Spokane County, Washington Vol. 3, 1912. pp251-253.

“Carl H. Jabelonsky, a civil and architectural engineer, who has…” Spokane Chronicle, June 5, 1908. Pg 3.

“Semi-Fireproof Apartment House to be Built by C.P. Oudin at Third & Cedar” Spokesman Review, Aug 16, 1908. Pg 29.

“New Hotel For Pacific Avenue” Spokane Chronicle, April 17, 1909. Pg 1.

“Big Apartment for North Washington” Spokane Chronicle, November 22, 1909. Pg 3.

“Will Soon Start Apartment House” Spokane Chronicle, December 29, 1909. Pg 4.

“Washington: Architect Carl Jabelonsky…” The American Architect: Jan 12, 1910.

“Contract Let for C.A. Nelson’s Home” Spokane Chronicle, June 4, 1910. Pg 16.

“Fine Building for North Side” Spokane Chronicle, August 13, 1910. Pg 15.

“Build Modern Home on Twelfth Avenue” Spokane Chronicle, August 13, 1910. Pg 15.

“Castle Hill is Being Built Up” Spokane Chronicle, October 11, 1910. Pg 20.

“George Belden Plans Building” Spokane Chronicle, November 29, 1910. Pg 24.

“The Spokane Architectural Club formally….” Architecture & Building, April 1911

“Dr. Belden Will Have Fine Home” Spokane Chronicle, April 7, 1911. Pg 30.

“Will Build Fine Home at Chattaroy” Spokane Chronicle, April 7, 1911. Pg 30.

“Builds Fine Home on the Boulevard” Spokane Chronicle, May 9, 1911. Pg 1.

“Will Add Story to New Building” Spokane Chronicle, May 11, 1911. Pg 19.

“Build New Front at the Club Cafe” Spokane Chronicle, May 11, 1911. Pg 19.

“Jabelonsky Has Larger Quarters” Spokane Chronicle, June 8, 1911. Pg 19.

“Architect Moves” Spokesman Review, June 11, 1911.

“Anderson Home to be Elaborate” Spokesman Review, July 2, 1911. Pg 31.

“Swedish People Enjoy Picnic” Spokesman Review, July 2, 1911. Pg 5.

“French Chateau Type Popular” Spokesman Review, July 16, 1911. Pg 25.

“Mrs. Sarah Inman and Fred Schuler, Spokane proprietors of the Spokane Soda Bottling Works..” The American Bottler, October 1911.

“Sandgren Builds New Residence” Spokane Chronicle, November 3, 1911. Pg 31.

“To Build on Third” Spokane Chronicle, Dec 13, 1911. Pg 22.

“Two-Story Block on Third & Madison Will Have Bottling Works and Living Apartments” Spokane Chronicle, January 22, 1912. Pg 18.

“Metaline Falls Plans City Hall” Spokane Chronicle, March 9, 1912. Pg 16.

“To Build at Arcadia” Spokane Chronicle, April 4, 1912. Pg 18.

“Deer Park Hotel to be Remodeled” Spokane Chronicle, April 4, 1912. Pg 18.

“Norroena Work to Continue” Spokesman Review, April 8, 1912. Pg 3.

“Builds Store on Eleventh Avenue” Spokane Chronicle, September 5, 1912. Pg 15.

“Plans Apartment on Fourth Avenue” Spokane Chronicle, July 24, 1913. Pg 16.

“Builders Will Frolic One Day” Spokane Chronicle, August 19, 1913. Pg 6.

“Architect, Swede, Would Be Citizen” Spokane Chronicle, August 20, 1913. Pg 2.

“Opposes Election of Building Head” Spokane Chronicle, Jan 11, 1916. Pg 15.

“Concrete Technical School: Feb 26…” Rock Products & Building Materials – January 22, 1917.

“Captaincy Given to Jabelonsky” Spokane Chronicle, August 7, 1917. Pg 10.

“Jabelousky Corner Bar & Reinforcement” Concrete, Dec 1920.

“Ordered to Washington” Evening Star, July 28 1922. Pg 12.

Patent No. 1,550,810/ No. 52-577 – “Combined Floor and Ceiling Unit” Aug 25, 1925.

“Jabelonsky Leaving” Honolulu Star-Bulletin, March 8, 1930. Pg 26.

“Promote Captain Jabelonsky” Spokesman Review, May 11, 1931. Pg 6.

“Major Jabelonsky Will Leave Soon” The Anniston Star, August 8, 1937. Pg 7.

“Improvements of Rivers and Harbors in the Denver, Colo, District” Report of Chief of Engineers U.S. Army, 1942, pg. 1580.

“Cols. Gimperling and Jabelonsky Retiring at 60” Greeley Daily Tribune, Sept 30, 1943. Pg 1.

“Col. Jabelonsky Planning to Retire” The Anniston Star, November 15, 1943. Pg 2.

“Denver Man Ordered to Cease Drilling in City; Traces of Oil” The Daily Sentinel, Dec 24, 1948. Pg 5.

“Defense Chief Appointed Here” Casper Star-Tribune, May 1, 1951. Pg 2.

“Romanticized Tales Shroud History of Castle on the Hill” Spokane Chronicle, Feb 22, 1978. Pg 17.

Spokane architect Carl Hugo Jabelonsky was born in Hastveda, Sweden on April 10, 1879.  Reportedly he received his formal training as a civil engineer from the Technical School for Special Trades in Malmo, Sweden graduating in 1897. While living in Malmo during the summer months he was employed as a draftsman by the city and harbor department and upon graduation he continued working there, rising to the level of Assistant City Engineer (1899). Jabelonsky then took a short stint as an engineer with the Oland Cement Company (April-Sept 1899) in charge of harbor works and other buildings at Degerhamm.  Some histories indicate that he did some additional engineering study in Europe, but exact details of any additional training is unknown.

Seeking better opportunities, in 1900 Jabelonsky immigrated to the United States and took a job a as draftsman/designer for the J. B. & J. M. Cornell Iron Foundry Company of New York City (Feb 1901- Jan 1905). With his valuable engineer skills, he was put in charge of the company's structural steel contracts. While there he oversaw the construction of many buildings including projects at the Charleston Navy Yards; several structures for the Metropolitan Railroad Company of New York and Yonkers; and New York Chamber of Commerce Building.  He also reportedly acted as steel construction superintendent for a number of sky scrapers in New York and spent three months designing the steel structure for Thomas Edison’s cement plant.  

From February, 1905 until June, 1906 Jabelonsky took a job with Westinghouse, Church & Kerr Company, engineers in New York city, where he was responsible for designing a number of buildings in both steel and reinforced concrete.  His focus was manufacturing plants. He then took a job with the New York Central & Hudson River Railroad designing a number of buildings for the corporation, including roundhouses and warehouses, and bridges (June 1906-Jan 1907).  Additional experience was gained working for the General Electric Company (GE) at Pittsfield, Massachusetts, where he served as assistant engineer in charge of their drafting room.  Later he was promoted to architectural engineer in charge of the preliminary layout for a proposed thirty-million-dollar GE plant in Erie, Pennsylvania.  In order to study and acquaint himself with the latest methods in concrete building construction, Jabelonsky was temporarily assigned to the American Concrete Steel Company at Newark, New Jersey for four months. He remaining with GE until February 1908 and then reportedly moved to Spokane in May 1908.

His reasons for moving to the Pacific Northwest are unknown but within three weeks he had been hired as superintendent of construction for the Washington Planing Mill (designed by architect Robert Sweatt). After the project was completed, Jabelonsky decided to open his own office.  A June 5, 1908 article in the Spokane Chronicle announced the opening of his practice; “Carl H. Jabelonsky, a civil and architectural engineer, who has followed that profession in New York for a number of years, has opened offices in the Lindelle block in this city. Mr. Jabelonsky makes a specialty of the engineering work on tall steel buildings and reinforced concrete structures.” Utilizing his high level of skill and valuable experiences, his practiced quickly thrived and by 1911 the large amount of work required him to move into larger headquarters in the Peyton Building. 

Over the course of the next 10 years, he designed numerous buildings in Spokane and the surrounding communities. Known projects include the Hotel Majestic; the Hoban Building (2319 n Monroe); Bakke-Mogstad Building (152 S. Browne, 1910); the Reiff & Hanson Building (1530 W Broadway, 1910); the Dooley Block; the Spokane Soda Bottling Works (NW corner of 3rd & Madison, 1912); the Armstrong Hotel (402 w Sprague, 1910); the Hansen Apartments (317 w 4th Ave, 1914); the Hotel Wilton (152 S Browne St, 1910); the US Rubber Co. Building (1011 W First St., 1911); and the Richland Grocery Store (1026 s Perry St, 1913).  Outside of the city he designed the Swedish Lutheran Church in Egypt (1910); the Metaline Falls City Hall (1912); and completed a remodel of the Deer Park Hotel (1912) in Deer Park.

Sundling House, 1308 S Grove St., Spokane - Spokesman Review: July 16, 1911Reportedly he also designed about fifty residences in Spokane and the vicinity.  Examples include the B. M. Francis House (2405 N Huston Rd, 1910); the Charles A. Nelson House (e 1720 12th Ave, 1911), the G.F. Sundling House (1308 S Grove St, 1911); the J.W. Turner House (527 E Rockwood Blvd, 1911); the John E. Anderson House (505 e Rockford Blvd, 1911); the Charles Johnson House (1224 E 12th Ave , 1911); the W.R. Dwyer House (1911) in Chattaroy; the Dr. George G. Belden House (1912); the Olof Olson House (1912); and the Sandgren House (1722 W 11th, 1912).  Some reports indicate that Jabelonsky, and/or his draftsman Peter Moe, were involved in the design for the Swiss Revival style Koerner House (1824 S Mount Vernon, 1912), but this has not been verified.

It was during this prolific time in his career that Jabelonsky became a US Citizen (1913). He had married fellow swede Thyra Elisabeth Gunhilda Osterberg on August 1, 1903 in New York. And together they had one daughter, Brita (1915-1960).

Jabelonsky was heavily involved in several local organizations in Spokane, especially those in which his fellow countrymen held membership. He served as the secretary of the Swedish American League, and was chairman of the finance committee of the Scandinavian Brotherhood of America. On the professional side he was an associate member of the American Society of Civil Engineers, belonged to the American Society of Swedish Engineers and was an active member of the Spokane Architectural Club.

With the start of WWI, in May 1917 Jabelonsky enlisted in the Army and was appointed as Captain in the quartermaster corps.  On active duty by August 1917, his commission signaled a shift in his career to full-time public service.  Jabelonsky would spend 25+ years with the military rising to the level of Colonel.  He was first stationed in Brooklyn, New York, and then moved to Scott Air Force Base in Belleville, Illinois.  However, by 1923 he was stationed in Honolulu, Hawaii at Schofield Barracks. He remained there until 1930 when he was reassigned to Fort Benning, Georgia. Later he was stationed at Fort McClellan in Alabama and was put in charge of the Muscle Shoals Dam project.  His final post (which began in 1938) was in Denver, Colorado where he served as District Engineer.  Under his supervision numerous projects were built including Fitzsimons General Hospital, the Remington Arms Plant, an arsenal and medical depot in Denver, Lowery Field, Buckley Field, Peterson Field, Camp Carson, Camp Hale, and prisoner of war camps at Greeley and Trinidad.

Jabelonsky officially retired from the military in February of 1944.  He continued to work however and was hired as the Chief Building Inspector for the City of Denver. He had one last stint as a federal employee when he was appointed to develop Denver’s Civil Defense program and then one for Natrona County, Wyoming in 1951.  He passed away in Denver, Colorado on September 3, 1957.