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George W. Lawton

1864 - 1928

Architect George Willis Lawton (1864-1928) was born in Wisconsin on December 29, 1864.  He moved to Seattle around 1886 and initially worked as a draftsman for the architectural firm of Saunders & Houghton.  By 1889, he emerged as a partner with Charles Saunders.  Together Saunders & Lawton designed a wide range of projects, including numerous apartments and hotels such as the Lincoln Apartment Hotel; Beacon Hill School (1904); the San Marco (1905); and the Summit Apartments (1910) all in Seattle and the Shelton Hotel (1908) in Shelton.  They also designed some of the first structures at the Veterans Home in Retsil (1908) and the public Library (1914) in Sedro Woolley.  

Another specialty was warehouse structures, and they found a fertile market for their designs with the growth and development of the Pioneer Square area as a distribution center.  Some of their buildings in the area include the Norton Building (1904); the Mottman Building (1906); the Goldsmith Building (1907);  and the Provident Building (1910) building.   They adeptly used a wide range of revival styles, including Romanesque, Classical, Tudor and Colonial modes.  One of their most noted works was the Forestry Building (1908-09) at the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition, a classical design executed in raw logs. 

Architectural Rendering of the Liggett BuildingFor unknown reasons, the partnership was dissolved in 1914 and Lawton worked independently for another eight years. Projects included the Veteran's Home Hospital in Retsil (1919); Women's Dorm at WA State Veterans Home (1917) in Port Orchard; and the King County Juvenile Home (1915) in Seattle.   In 1922 he formed a new partnership with the younger Herman A. Moldenhour (1880-1976).  Moldenhour, also from the midwest, had been an office boy for the Saunders & Lawton firm. 

Together the firm specialized in large office and apartment buildings.  Projects include St. Demetrois Church (1921); the Fifth Avenue Court (1922); Hawthorne Square Apartments (1923); The Bigelow Building (1923);  the Olive Crest Apartments (1924); the Olive Way Improvement Co. Building (1924); the Republic Building (1927-28); and the Liggett Building (1927). 

The  partnership ended prematurely when Lawton’s died unexpectantly on March 28, 1928 at the age of 63.  Moldenhour continued with an independent practice. 

By Michael Houser, State Architectural Historian - January 2010

Bibliography

"George W. Lawton, Architect, is Dead" Seattle Daily Times, March 28, 1928.

"Notice to Contractors" Morning Olympian, July 4, 1907.

"Fair Commission Completes Session" Olympia Record, March 14, 1908.

"Landscape Artist for Veteran's Home" Olympia Record, December 21, 1907.

"To Start New Building" Seattle Daily Times, March 17, 1923.

"Saunders & Lawton Take Masonic Plum" Seattle Daily Times, March 27, 1912.

"L.J. Irwin, Head of Reformatory" Olympia Record, October 7, 1907.

Obit: "Mrs. George W. Lawton" Seattle Daily Times, June 28, 1937.

"New Buildings To Start Soon" Olympia Record, March 24, 1919.

Advertsisment "Lawton & Moldenhour" Seattle Daily Times, August 30, 1923.

"Call fo Bids" Bellingham Herald, May 11, 1914.

The American Architect - Vol CXI, No. 2166 - June 27, 1917.