CLG Document Templates
True protection of historic resources takes place at the local level of government thanks greatly to one of the key components of all Certified Local Governments, the Historic Preservation Ordinance. The ordinance spells out exactly what the local preservation program entails, its powers and its duties. A local ordinance should establish a historic preservation commission; a local register of historic places and criteria for nominating properties to the local register; a mechanism for the review of proposed changes to properties listed on the local register, commonly known as design review; and any incentives for historic property owners such as Special Tax Valuation. The Bylaws of the Historic Preservation Commission establish the rules that the commission will follow during meetings and the criteria for design review.
For most Certified Local Governments (CLG), the criteria for design review are the Secretary of the Interior's Standards for Rehabilitation (The Standards). The Standards are a set of 10 key points or best practices when considering changes or alterations to historic properties. The intent of the Standards is to assist the long-term preservation of a property's significance through the preservation of historic materials and features. This is known as retaining a property's Historic Integrity. To further protect the historic character of their communities, some CLGs have opted to adopt Design Guidelines for their locally-listed historic districts. Design Guidelines are in line with Standards, but, unlike the Standards, which are intentionally general, Design guidelines are tailored to offer specific guidance to protect the individual character of a historic neignborhood or downtown core. Design Guidelines may include such things as commission review of building scale and massing, signs and advertising features, building materials, and in some cases even paint color. Both the Standards and Design Guidelines are used to help protect the character of locally listed properties and to ensure that new development, or changes to existing properties are compatible with the surrounding neighborhood. Each local government decides the breadth and scope of its Design Guidelines should it chose to adopt them.
Some communities also chose adopt a Demolition by Neglect Ordinances to further protect their local historic properties. Additionally, Historic Conservation District and Design Guidelines are additional tool communities sometimes find useful. Design Guidelines are intended for use in local preservation districts, and are more prescriptive with regards to things like historic materials.Design Guidelines are used as a means to explain, expand, and interpret general design criteria in the local preservation ordinance and serve as a tool for designers and their clients to use in making preliminary design decisions. Historic Conservation Districts, on the other hand, are intended to preserve the overall sense of community character rather than historic fabric, per se. Generally, Conservation District Guidelines are another way to protect older residential neighborhoods that may not qualify for historic designation under a local preservation ordinance. In short, there are lots of creative ways to protect the historic resources in your community and the CLG Program encourages participants to tailor their programs to meet their unique needs.
Ordinance & Bylaws Templates:
The following documents are meant to help you get started. One ordinance may not fit all communities and we enourage you to use these as a starting point. Also, see this very helpful document from the California SHPO Drafting Effective Historic Preservation Ordinances.
Other Useful Templates
- Local Register Nomination Form Example, Tacoma
- Sample Certificate of Appropriateness (COA)
- Sample Staff Report, Tacoma
- Demolition by Neglect Ordinance Example, Jonesborough, TN
- Sample Conservation District Ordinance
- Model Sign Ordinance
Design Guidelines Examples:
- Design Guidelines for Oysterville
- Design Guidelines for Grandview Neighborhood, Wenatchee
- Design Guidelines for Steilacoom
- Design Guidelines for Corbin Park Neighborhood, Spokane
- Design Guidelines for Ebey's Landing National Reserve
- Design Guidelines for City of Rosyln
- Design Guidelines for Ashland, OR